Carlsbad is a town of remedial springs, of a rich history, beautiful architecture and amazing nature. It lies in the valley of the Teplá river, at the confluence spot with the Ohře river. The town was founded in 1350 by the Czech king and Roman Emperor Charles IV.
The townęs development has always been associated with the remedial effect of the local curative springs. From the beginning of the 19th century, the water of the Carlsbad springs is also used for drinking treatment. The most remarkable sights of Carslbad are the Castle Tower of Charles IV., the St.Peter and Paulęs orthodox church and the baroque church of St.Mary Magdalene. Carlsbad is also renowned for its traditional production of Moser glass, Thun porcelain, the herbal liqueur Becherovka, the Mattoni mineral water, for production of mineral salt, remedial cosmetics and of souvenirs made from sinter.
Carlsbad is offering itself for a visit and stay to anyone who is longing to experience peaceful moments in the unique atmosphere of the world-famous spa town.
The Carlsbad`s altitude is 370 m, but the nearby hills are over 640 m, the climate is submontane.
From time immemorial, the springs rise in the valley of the Teplá river. The Carlsbad balneology, over 600 years old, is built upon its curative effects. Even though the ways of balneological treatment have developed over the centuries, there is one thing that remains - the positive results for the endless generations of those looking for their lost well-being.
Up to 2000 litres per minute of thermal water rises from the Hot Spring, its fountain geysering 12 m high. Together with the water, more than double the volume springs out of carbone dioxide (CO2), the last manifestation of a far-off volcanic activity. This phenomenon enables not only the thermal ascent to the surface but also the spurt of the Hot Spring fountain. The other springs - the so called small Carlsbad springs - are in fact just natural branches which branch off the main stem just before reaching the surface. That is why their yield and temperature are lower than this of the Hot Spring and are only used for the Carlsbad drinking cure.
From approximately 100 springs of various yields, 12 of them are captured; their temperature varies from 42°C to 72°C.
The composition of the individual mineral waters is similar, yet - due to the different temperatures and various contents of carbon dioxide - their effects are different. As for the chemical composition, the Carlsbad springs belong to the sodium-bicarbonate-sulphuric thermal mineral waters, with the total mineralization of about 6,4 g/l and the content of disolved carbon dioxide of about 560-980 mg/l. Apart from the mineral water, carbon dioxide and peat from the deposit of Krásno by Carlsbad are utilized.
The Carlsbad mineral springs
|The Hot Spring||The Hot Spring Colonnade|
|Temperature A 72°C, B 50°C, C 30°C||Spring Nr. 1|
|Charles IV. Spring||Market Colonnade|
|Temperature 60,5°C||Spring Nr.2|
|Market Spring||Market Colonnade|
|Temperature 57,2°C||Spring Nr.5|
|Mill Spring||Mill Colonnade|
|Temperature 55,6°C||Spring Nr.6|
|Nymph Spring||Mill Colonnade|
|Temperature 50,6°C||Spring Nr.7|
|Prince Václav Spring I. and II.||Mill Colonnade|
|Temperature 65,3°C||Spring Nr. 8|
|Libuše Spring||Mill Colonnade|
|Temperature 62°C||Spring Nr. 9|
|Rock Spring||Mill Colonnade|
|Temperature 53°C||Spring Nr.10|
|Liberty Spring||Pavillon beside the Mill Colonnade|
|Temperature 60°C||Spring Nr.11|
|Orchard Spring||Beside the Military Spa Institute|
|Temperature 47°C||Spring Nr.12|